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Título: Juventudes negras LGBTQI+ no Brasil: violências e (in)visibilidade estatística e social da letalidade e a urgência de abordagem interseccional
Título(s) alternativo(s): LGBTQI+ black youth in Brazil: violence and statistical and social (in)visibility of lethality and urgency of intersectional approach
Autor(es): Cavalcanti, Vanessa Ribeiro Simon
Campos, Pollyanna Rezende
Silva, Antônio Carlos da
Palavras-chave: Direitos humanos
Human Rights
Data do documento: 3-Jun-2020
Editor: Universidade Católica do Salvador
Resumo: Identities and otherness have been a paradoxical field that occupies spheres and dimensions of human rights. When the delimitation is about diversity and identity connections, the paths, agendas, policies and debates gain new contours and expressions in Present Time (last fifty years). The aim of this article is to highlight the overlapping violence against LGBTQI+ black youth in Brazil, in view of the (in)statistical and social visibility of lethality with urgency of using a critical approach and from multiple categories. The intersectional view, coined by the African-American intellectual Kimberley Crenshaw (1991), reverberated by Carla Akotirene (2018), evidences an "interconnected system of oppression", in which the relational difference between individuals interferes with the violence they suffer. The manifestations have territories, color/ethnicity, age group, gender identity and defined sexual orientation. Among the high rates of violence, and the early and systematic death of young black people LGBTQI+ is a latent reality that has grown in Brazil in recent decades. LGBTQI+ young women are violated by individual and collective rights, present in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), and in the Federal Constitution (1988), even though they are the member state country and signatory to all plans, conventions and treaties. This configures paradoxical and self-evident areas (Hunt, 2009) of Human Rights, composing international guidelines and actions composing with greater prominence the current aspects. Such vulnerabilities, conceptualized by bioethical branches, through the teachings of Maria do Céu Patrão Neves (2006), and Florência Luna (2008), demonstrate how the recognition of the common right to every person to maintain their perspectives, make their choices and decide to act are based on their personal values and beliefs. Continuous act, embodied in theories listed by Silvio Almeida (2018), specifically regarding Social Theory, emphasizing that a contemporary society cannot be understood without the concepts of ethnicity/race and racism. Moving on to understand the mechanisms for recognizing the civil rights of blacks, from the perspective of Ângela Davis (2003) and the duality of racism and sexism in Brazilian culture, according to the teachings of Lélia González (1980), resulting in a dehumanization based on an ethnic-racial criterion, endorsed by LGBTfobia, which gives the State the power to decide who lives and who dies, based on the teachings about the necropolitics of Achille Mbembe (2016). Such methodological approaches occupy the qualitative sphere, namely, use of journals, articles and books referring to and data from the Map of Violence (IPEA) – specific maps of violence for youth and women between 2015 and 2019.
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