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Título: Fatores que interferem nos índices de coberturas vacinais: uma revisão integrativa
Título(s) alternativo(s): Factors that interfer with vaccine coverage indices: an integrative review
Autor(es): Martins, Maísa Mônica Flores
Nascimento, Davi dos Santos
Pereira, Bruna dos Reis
Palavras-chave: Cobertura vacinal
Programas de imunização
Vaccination coverage
Immunization programs
Data do documento: 10-Jun-2021
Editor: Universidade Católica do Salvador
Resumo: Introduction: Immunization is now one of the safest and most cost-effective interventions. Factors that provide both collective and individual immunity. This study is justified to investigate the possibilities of improvements in vaccine coverage rates, as well as the evaluation of its impacts and mechanisms capable of making it increasingly concise and efficient. Objective: Identify in the scientific literature the factors that contribute to non-adherence to vaccination and low vaccination coverage, as well as Describe, through an integrative review, the factors that interfere with vaccination coverage rates. Methods: Integrative literature review, in LILACS, SCIELO, MEDLINE and BDENF databases, from April to June, using the descriptors: Vaccine coverage; Immunization and Immunization programs. Of the 1087 articles found, only 39 met the exclusion criteria and 26 met the inclusion criteria. Results: The main factors related to low vaccination coverage were children outside the age range, children who got sick, forgetfulness, family members did not want to take the child and other reasons (lack of time, lack of immune system at the clinic). Conclusion: It can be concluded that vaccination coverage rates continue with low adherence, due to the various factors that interfere with immunization. Municipal managers need to review the way to carry out vaccination. Thus changing the method in which they occur and adapting to the environment in which most people live.
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