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Título: Educação ambiental e sustentabilidade: práticas pedagógicas no ensino fundamental
Autor(es): Benati, Kátia Regina
Silva, Maina Pirajá
Peres, Marcelo Cesar Lima
Palavras-chave: Educação ambiental
Práticas pedagógicas
Consciência ambiental
Environmental education
Pedagogical practices
Environmental awareness
Data do documento: 29-Mar-2021
Editor: Universidade Católica do Salvador
Resumo: This research aimed to analyze the extent to which the Pedagogical Practices developed by different disciplines of Elementary Education in the Biodiversity Research Center of Colégio Militar de Salvador awaken in the students a conscious environmental posture. Information was sought about the challenges encountered when working with Pedagogical Practices with themes related to the environmental sphere in schools, the importance of alternative spaces in the school environment for the study of Environmental Education and whether this knowledge related to the theme referred to forms conscious and active citizens in society to undertake sustainable actions. The research methodology was of the exploratory documentary type, in order to highlight the challenges faced by the institutions regarding the effectiveness of Pedagogical Practices. Among the results found in greater focus, there was little insertion of interdisciplinarity and transversality. For the other researches involved in this study, a descriptive methodology was used, with technical case study procedures and qualitative and quantitative approaches, with the application of an interview and semi-structured questionnaire and the production of free design and texts with topics related to the pertinence of conscious consumption for the protection of our planet. For this data collection, there was a need to make a parameter with students - who experienced classes at the Biodiversity Research Center -, which are the College tickets in the year 2019, and those who did not experience classes in the space in question, tickets in the year 2020, which did not have face- to-face classes due to the pandemic caused by the covid-19. As a result, a higher percentage of awakening from a conscious environmental posture was observed for students who had classes in the alternative space, with experiences and experiences of educational actions with an environmental focus. It was also observed that the textual productions and the imagery records using the environmental theme, were relevant for the analysis of the creativity, reflection and environmental awareness of the students. The entire research was of an investigative nature, presented in the form of three articles. In the first, the challenges faced by the School in applying Pedagogical Practices of Environmental Education on the part of the teachers are reported. In the second, which has students participating in the 7th year of elementary school, it was assessed whether alternative spaces within the school environment can contribute to Pedagogical Practices in Environmental Education. And, in the third, with the same audience of students and a certain number of teachers, where it was analyzed whether their knowledge in relation to the environmental and sustainability issues form conscious and active citizens in society to develop sustainable actions to improve the environment.
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